Athletes increase profits by news staff / game source that include Quitters mind, new research programs, football, soccer and hockey. According to new research from Northwestern University, playing games like football, soccer and hockey increases the benefit of an external sound signal by reducing background noise in the brain.
There are many benefits to playing sports, including the promotion of physical, cardiovascular and mental fitness. Image by Mike Kaplan / photo by the US Air Force UU. And staff article / news source.
There are many benefits to playing sports, including the promotion of physical, cardiovascular and mental fitness. No one would discuss the fact that sports lead to better physical fitness.
But we don’t always think about mental fitness and sports, “said Professor Nina Crass, director of the Northwestern University Hearing Neuroscience Laboratory. “We are saying that playing games can help the brain better understand the sensory environment.”
Professor Kruse’s team examined the brain health of 495 female and male student athletes and 493 age and sex control subjects. The researchers distributed speech syllables to study participants through headphones and recorded brain activity with an electrode of the scalp.
They analyzed the relationship between background noise and the response of speech sounds to see how great the sound was in relation to the background sound. The athletes had a greater ability to reduce background electrical noise. Playing football, including football and hockey, increases profits.
“A serious commitment to physical activity appears with a calm nervous system,” said Professor Crass and maybe, if you have a healthy nervous system, you can better manage injuries or other health problems.
The findings may motivate athletic interventions for populations struggling with auditory processing. “In particular, the highly noisy brains of games can often be found in children from low-income areas,” said Professor Kraus. Sports Fitness results this week were published online.
The Florida State University Sports and Exercise Psychology Laboratory monitors in depth the cognitive processes of athletes. Athletes receive a lot of attention for their physical characteristics: speed, power, coordination, grace. But sports require more than excellent muscles and physical abilities.
An experienced athlete takes vital visual cues, tunes strangers, observes patterns and makes all plans in the blink of an eye. In milliseconds before basketball players aim at the field for free throws or baseball players, they arrange their yards on the net or in the receiver’s draft.
They absorb important information such as the location and distance of their objectives, the location of other players or the wind direction. Keep in mind that researchers have used the term “calm eye” to describe that moment of taking everyone before they take action.
But when the eyes are calm, the brain is everything but that, says Gershon Tenebanum, PhD, who heads the Laboratory of Sports and Exercise Psychology at Florida State University (FSU). In fact, the calm eye is strongly associated with performance.
Tenenboom and his colleagues used eye tracking techniques to follow the meters of tennis players while returning to their opponents. They discovered that highly qualified players tended to be quieter for longer than those at intermediate levels.
And long and skillful eyes, better shots, among expert players (Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, Vol. 40, No. 2, 2018). These findings have proven true beyond tennis. The pattern encompasses a variety of sports.
Including golf, hockey, basketball and gun shooting, as Tenbenum and his colleagues reviewed more than two dozen studies on the fresh eye (Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, Vol. 38, No. 38). 5, 2016). For a researcher like Tenbaum who is interested in attention, perception, decision making.
And other cognitive skills, the cold eye is a fascinating puzzle to solve. What is happening during that time? Can people be trained to develop it? How long should one last to maximize the probability of a perfect shot?
“We know that when the calm eye lengthens, you have a better chance of performing well. But you can’t concentrate forever, and really focus too much time on performance.” There may be a fall, “he explains.” So what’s good? “We are trying to determine the optimal calm field for novice, intermediate and expert players.”
Quiet Eye Research is just one example of several projects in the Tenbaum laboratory. Most of the work has direct applications to improve athletic performance, while other studies aim to answer fundamental questions about the ways in which we process information.
But all Tenbenbaum projects share some things in common: a scientifically rigorous approach to sports psychology, combined with a realistic understanding of athletes’ operations. He says: “I bring out the real area of my research and the ideas I have found as an athlete and coach.” “” I always want to find answers to practical questions. “
High tech equipment
Tic Tac Toe Tenenbaum, Athletics is more than a daily job. It is also a way of life. Before becoming a scientist, he played handball for the Israeli national team for 10 years and also trained the sport.
And while training and playing, he earned a bachelor’s degree in physical education and sports, then a master’s degree in research and educational theory, both at the University of Tel Aviv in his native Israel.
Flexibility, focus and quick thinking made him an expert handball player, who has also served him well in science. Tenenbaum arrived in Florida in 2000, after conducting research in Israel and Australia.
His laboratory of sports and exercise psychology began small, but grew rapidly to include about 10 PhD students. “Initially, we had meetings at home to discuss the investigation.
When I graduated, many of us were fit and had to go to a meeting room at the university, “says former student Itte Bevich, PhD, now a senior professor at Anglia Ruskin University in England, 2013. Dissertation in.” He had a vision for the laboratory, and during that time he also began to improve technology.
In his early years at FSU, Tenebaum used a relatively simple device: some heart rate monitors, some handpas, a biofeedback system. Biofeedback technology measures body functions such as temperature, heart rate variability and skin conduction response (a physiological stimulation measure).
These measurements are useful in sports psychology research, as well as in the sports psychology consulting services that Tenbaum provides to athletes and teams. With biofeedback training, athletes learn to regulate their physiological responses to concentrate, control stress and perform with greater stability.
In the following years, Tennebaum invested in high-tech devices, including eye tracking technology, an electroencephalography cap to measure electrical activity in the brain and devices to measure reaction time, coordination and visual perception.
It provides equipment for the use of other researchers on the FSU campus, and its own team finds new ways to use the technology in the laboratory and in real-world environments such as tennis courts and the soccer field.
In an existing project, for example, the PhD student and former laboratory coordinator Natnil Boyagin is using strobe glass glasses, which flash rapidly between opaque and transparent to limit the field of vision so that it can be detected.
If training can improve decision making among tennis players When an athlete decides when to pass the ball or where to aim for the service, the first step is to collect all the relevant environmental signals. A skill that distinguishes expert athletes from newbies is the ability to tune irrelevant parts and pieces in the environment.
Boiangin explains that research with eye trackers suggests that beginner and intermediate tennis players see more points of visual fixation. Their eyes can range from their opponent’s wrists to their rackets and flying leaves in the air.
On the other hand, experts can take the overall picture together by observing the pattern without recording every personal detail. “Experts are not actively looking for every little sign.
Boyinagin, who is completing his doctorate and recently received a position as an instructor in sports and exercise science at Barry University in Florida, can decipher that information. He said that athletes who use strobe lenses to limit their fields of vision may be forced to count them.
Can we teach novice players to pay attention to the correct visual cues? He asks. Despite their interest in technology, Tenenboom and his students are skeptical about fashion technology devices. According to Boajin, many high-tech training tools marketed to athletes promise to improve performance.
But the evidence for such claims is often limited. “The problem in our field at the moment is that technology advances faster than research.” For example, over the years, virtual reality training system vendors have broken into the scene, claiming that they help athletes improve their skills.
But do they work? Tenenboom, Sicilian student Liu, PhD (now a postdoctoral researcher at Duke University) and her colleagues, explored whether 3-D technology could improve the decision making of tennis players. Participants judged the direction of tennis in a video presented through a three-dimensional glass.
Players who wear glasses made faster decisions than those who watched standard videos, but did not have much precision in that response time (European Journal of Sport Science, Volume 17, Number 5, 2017). “To be fair, 3-D technology is just one step towards interactive virtual reality,” says Liu, so it is too early to take advantage of fully immersive systems.
But only for 3-D , we don’t promise much for athletic training in decision making.
Make exercise more fun
Not all of Dassenbaum’s work is focused on athletes. He is also very interested in half of the “exercise” of the “Psychology of sport and exercise” in the laboratory title. In a line of research, he and his students have examined the factors that make exercise feel like work and how to make the treadmill less complicated.
For example, you can keep up with what happens during the first minutes of a Zumba race or class. You are working with less intensity and you can enjoy music, think about what to eat for dinner. Even chat with the person next to you.
But as you increase your effort and fatigue, you move away from individual meditation, which allows you to concentrate on physical exertion, companionship, when you simply cannot burn your lungs and muscles. .
When you pass through that point, you cannot pay attention to other stimuli. Tenenbaum says you only pay attention to pain and exhaustion. “In many studies we tried to manipulate the situation to see if we could extend the point where they wanted to stop.”
Tenenboom, Basiewicz and their colleagues asked the participants to blindfold their hands and shake hands and listen to music. They discovered that people who listened to music and had the ability to look independently performed less perceived effort than those who did not have music.
But did not have visual stimulation or visual stimulation, but did not have music. .
The combination of senses delayed the attention to the association, which suggests that when attention is distracted, it is better (Psychology and sports exercises, Volume 10, Number 6, 2009).
Many people already listen to music or watch television while exercising. Can you stimulate other senses to extend meditation changes to help people enjoy exercise for longer? Tenbaum’s team exposed practitioners to lavender smells.
And Peppermint (The Sport Psychologist, vol. 25, no. 2, 2011) and lemon-flavored mouthguards (Psychology of Sport and Exercise, vol. 25, 2016) to assess whether smell and taste are useful tools for exercise. You can work in more enjoyable
Unfortunately, none of the approaches improved the change to focus on fellowship, although participants in the fragrance study reported that the scent of lavender did not make their attention more or less the smell of mint or anything.
Despite these absurd findings, Tenbaum hopes that other research can find ways to take advantage of the five senses to help people enjoy the exercise. They say that “one reason people don’t follow the exercise is because they don’t feel happy there.”We are trying to help them increase their effort and, at the same time, make the exercise more enjoyable.
By description, as a key figure in the psychology of sport and exercise, Tenenboom has made many connections, and is generous in turning to those connections to help his students succeed, says Liu.
Whether you are introducing students to faculty members with experience in their areas of interest, establishing contacts with elite athletes and potential participants, or not helping to buy new equipment, Liu says: “He is very resourceful.”
Tenbaum’s background in measurement and statistics is also a strong point for his students, Liu and Beswich Note. “Many students of sports psychology programs are afraid of statistics,” says Besiewicz.
But Tenbaum confronts its students head-on, with a dedicated course on measurement and statistics in sports, in addition to the statistics classes required by the department.
“Knowing how to design an investigation and use the correct analysis is an important strength,” says Basiewicz. After building his laboratory in a state-of-the-art location for the psychology of sports and exercise, Tenenboom is proud of what he has done in Florida. Still, he set a time for a new challenge.
He will move to Israel and launch a research laboratory at the Interdisciplinary Center, a private university in Herzliya, Israel.
The FSU Sports and Exercise Psychology Laboratory will be alive with a new generation of researchers to learn more about the science of sport at this time.