NASA launched the Aurel Winds: Azure mission to study two rockets playing, from the ground, the dance of the northern lights. The northern lights may seem peaceful. But the flickering leaves of colored light are the product of violent collisions between the Earth’s atmosphere and the particles of the Sun.
Understanding how the Earth contributes to the total amount of energy entering and leaving the Earth’s geospatial system is one of the main objectives of the Azure mission (Auroral Zone Surge Rocket Experiment) funded by NASA.
On April 5, 2019, the mission was successfully operated from the Norwegian Endoya Space Center: two Black Brent XI-A sound rockets were launched at 6:14 and 6:16 a.m. EDT carries a mixture of scientific instruments and trimethyl aluminum trimethyl aluminum (TMA) and barium / strontium, which ionize when exposed to sunlight.
Colored clouds formed by the release of steam from two AZURE rockets allow scientists to measure femoral winds. Azure is the first of eight rocket missions that sound, which will be launched in the next two years as an international collaboration of scientists, known as The Grand Challenge Initiative Kasp.
These missions will be launched from the range of Endoya and Svalbard rockets in Norway, to study the processes that occur within the Earth’s polar tail, where the planet’s magnetic field lines lean into the atmosphere and allow particles from space in the origin of the Earth and Let the surrounding femoral oval merge with it. .
NASA scientists said: “AZURE will study the flow of particles in the ionosphere, the electrically charged layer of the atmosphere, which acts as the Earth’s interface, specifically focusing on regions E and F,” NASA scientists Said.
Region E, which was named by the first radio pioneers, discovered that the region had an electrical charge and, therefore, could reflect radio waves, from 56 to 93 miles (90-150 km) from the surface of the Earth. It is in the middle. Area F is just above, between 93 and 310 miles (150–500 km) high.
“Regions E and F contain free electrons that have been separated from their atoms by the activation of the sun’s rays, a process known as photoization. After night, without the sun’s energy input to keep them apart.
They re-combine electrons with positively charged ions that they have left behind, which is the general electron of the Rron density spheres are low. it makes the areas of ionization and daily cycles of recombination E and F particularly turbulent and complex.
“AZURE will focus exclusively on measuring vertical winds in these regions, creating a tumultuous particle soup that redistributes the energy, momentum and chemical components of the atmosphere.”
On April 5, two Azure rockets launched gas tractors at 71, above the Norwegian Sea, at an altitude of 150 to 241 km. These mixtures, using substances similar to those found in fireworks, created colored clouds that allow researchers to track the flow of neutral and charged particles with femoral air.
By tracking the movement of these colored clouds through terrestrial photographs and triangulating their moment-to-moment positions in 3D, Azure will provide valuable data on the vertical and horizontal flow of particles in two major regions of the ionosphere. Different heights, ”the scientists said.
The new NASA rocket will not be ready to shoot at the moon next year: This illustration provided by NASA shows the space launch system during takeoff. On Wednesday, March 13, 2019, the main NASA official said the new space agency rocket would not be ready for a shot to the moon next year. (Via Marshall Space Flight Center / NASA AP)
The top space agency official said Wednesday that the great new NASA rocket will not be ready for the launch of the moon next year. Administrator Jim Bridenstein said he is considering switching to commercial rockets to have a launch date in June 2020.
Bridenstein told a Senate committee that two private rockets would be needed, one to launch the Orion crew capsule and its service module built in Europe, and the other to launch a higher stage. Before heading to the Moon, Orion must dock with the upper phase in orbit around the Earth.
NASA’s SLS, or rocket space launch system, could do everything at once. That is why it is “an important piece for the creation of NASA,” Bridenstein told the Senate Commerce, Science and Transportation Committee. Currently, Orion does not have the ability to engage anything in the class. That organization would have to be completed between now and next year, Bridenstein said.
Senator Roger Wicker, Republican of Mississippi, chairman of the committee, reminded Bridenstein. Wicker said: “I’m sure we would like to have it on time. Bridenstein said this option may require more money from Congress.
NASA is emphasizing a permanent lunar program at this time, unlike the Apollo lunar landing that came and went half a century ago. The objective is an outpost with astronauts near the moon to serve as a starting point for lunar landings.
This is the first mission, which is essentially a three-week test flight: no crew will take off or land. Rather, Orion would approach the lunar surface before a major adoption around the moon. Breidenstein said NASA would decide in the next two weeks if it will keep its rocket and delay it or market this test flight.
If private rockets are used, and Bridenstein has not listed their preferences or mentioned any name, SLS will make its debut in 2023 for NASA’s second exploration mission. The mission that will take astronauts to the moon. This first test flight was originally scheduled for this year. I want to be clear: NASA has a history of not meeting release dates, and I’m trying to change that, Bridenstein said.
NASA is already using private companies to ship international space stations: Just last week, SpaceX successfully completed the first test flight of its new Dragon capsule designed for astronauts. I could start a flight crew from Florida to the station in the summer.