XMM-Newton Detects The Dwarf X-Ray Superflare

XMM-Newton Detects The Dwarf X-Ray Superflare

XMM-Newton detects the dwarf X-ray superfilar of high school, using data from the European Photon Imaging Chamber (EPIC) at the ESA XMM-Newton X-ray Observatory. At the ESA XMM-Newton X-ray Observatory using data from the European Photon Imaging Chamber (EPIC).

Astronomers have detected for the first time a powerful X-ray flare of an ultrafresh spectral-class dwarf L. 3XMM J033158 .9-27392525 (hereinafter J0331-27). The asteroid is about 783 light years away. Within minutes, it receives 10 times more energy from the Sun, which is the most intense flare.

The impression of an artist of the star of El Dwarf, a star with a mass so low that it is actually above the threshold of being a star, was caught in the act of emitting a massive super X-ray flare, as in XMM – from ESA. X-ray space observatory detected by Newton.

Flares are emitted when the magnetic field in a star’s atmosphere becomes unstable and collapses in a simple configuration. In this process, it releases a large part of the energy that has been stored in it. This explosive release of energy suddenly illuminates the glow and this is where the new comments present their greatest enigma.

“This is the most interesting scientific part of the discovery, because we did not expect dwarf stars L to give rise to such outbreaks to store enough energy in their magnetic fields,” said Dr. Astronomer, an institute of the institute. Beat Stelzer said und Astrophysik Tübingen and INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo.

Energy can only be placed in a star’s magnetic field by charged particles, also known as ionized materials and produced in high temperature environments. However, as a dwarf, J0331-27 has a low surface temperature of only 2,100 K for a star compared to approximately 6,000 K in the Sun.

Astronomers did not think that such a low temperature would be able to produce enough charged particles to feed so much energy in a magnetic field. So is Candram: How is a super flare possible on such a star? This is a good question. We only know that nobody knows, dr. Beat said.

Understanding the similarities and differences between this new superflare and so far unique in the dwarf and flares observed earlier, it is now a priority for the team, which is found in all wavelengths in stars of great mass. But to do this, they need to find more examples.

The burning stars more frequently release less energy each time, while they rarely release El dwarf energy, but again it is a really big event. Why this may be the case remains an open question that needs more research. The discovery of this Superflare The Dwarf is a great example of research based on the XMM-Newton collection.

Which demonstrates the vast scientific potential of the mission. I look forward to the next surprise, Dr. XMM-Newton Project Scientist for ESA. Norbert Shorttel said.

The findings were published in the journal Astronomy and Astrophysics.

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